Section One - Vitamins
The student is asked to discover the different food sources for each of the different types of each vitamin listed here. Then discover what each different type of each vitamin does for the human body. If you work with animals, discover what each vitamin does for animal groups of your interest.
For example, here's a synopsis of Vitamin A:
Vitamin A has five types: 1) retinyl palmitate which is converted into Retinol in the small intestine, 2) Alpha carotene, 3) Beta carotene, 4) Gamma carotene and 5) Beta cryptoxanthin. These last four function as Vitamin A in the body of omnivores -- including humans -- and herbivores. They do not function in the body of carnivores.
Vitamin A deficiency causes skin and vision problems. Vitamin A keeps the skin and eyes healthy. It relieves dry eye disorder, improves color and night vision.
Vitamin A also keeps the mucous membranes healthy, inhibits viral and bacterial infections and improves respiratory problems. Vitamin A fights cancer by inhibiting the production of DNA in cancerous cells. It also supports normal bone and cell growth. It is an active antioxidant that supports the immune system.
Vitamin A toxicity can occur at high doses exceeding 25 mg per 100 pounds of the person's weight for six months or longer. This can cause blurred vision, headache, mental confusion and may encourage infections including HIV and cancer.
Vitamin A is bioavailable in animal liver, liver oils and eggs; milk, butter and cheese; apricots, papaya and mango; broccoli leaf, broccoli, cantaloupes, carrots, collard greens, kale, peas, pumpkin, purple pepper, red pepper, spinach and sweet potato.
There are some general principals about all vitamins that you need to know about. You don't need to write about each of them each time as long as you understand the general principles.
First of all, vitamins from organically grown livestock and plants are far superior to all other vitamins. Growth hormones, antibiotics, genetically modified foods and bio-engineered food supplements -- like high fructose corn syrup and synthetic vitamins -- generally have side effects that exasperate the conditions that the "real" vitamins protect us from. For example:
Vitamin A from animals raised on growth hormones and antibiotics diminish skin and eye health, dry out mucous membranes, expedite AIDS from HIV infections and encourage the growth of cancer. Vitamin A from genetically modified plants and synthetic vitamins have the same side effects.
Secondly, vitamins from raw fruits and vegetables are superior to vitamins from cooked foods. Cooking at high temperatures destroys the vitamins and enzymes in the food. Cooking at low temperatures -- such as steaming and cooking at low temperatures for short periods of time.
List of Vitamins to Study
- Vitamin A - fat soluble
- Vitamin B - water soluble
- Vitamin C - water soluble
- Vitamin D - fat soluble
- Vitamin E - fat soluble
- Vitamin H = Biotin - has been reclassified as a B Vitamin
- Vitamin K - fat soluble
- Bioflavonoids - water soluable
Biotin is a water soluble vitamin that has recently been reclassified as a B vitamin. If you prefer to keep it titled as Vitamin H that's up to you.
Bioflavinoids are not officially recognized as vitamins. Some label them as Vitamin P. Others label them as a B Vitamin because they are water soluable.
You may label them according to your own desires.